Small Tortoiseshell Butterfly: Overall, butterfly populations have been decreasing in Britain, but the small tortoiseshell butterfly especially. In 2013, the population of this specific butterfly dropped by 77% during the last 10 years. The small tortoiseshell butterfly is struggling to survive due to Britain’s very wet spring and summer seasons. According to conservationists, butterflies can show how healthy the surrounding environment is. This species of butterfly is one of Britain’s most common, and is often found throughout the British Isles.
New Forest Cicada Montana: This particular species of cicada is quite common throughout Europe, but is struggling to survive in Britain. As of now, their is a small population in New Forest in Hampshire, but there have been no recording sightings of them for over 15 years.The New Forest cicada montana experienced a similar case of endangerment during the 1940s and 1960s.
European Turtle Dove: This bird has officially landed itself a place on the Global Red List for Endangered Species. Since 1970, the European turtle dove population has decreases by 97%. This bird can now only be found in parts of southern and eastern England. The reason these birds are going extinct is because of farming practices. These include the loss of mixed farming, switching how they sow crops, a reduction in hay meadows, and getting rid of hedgerows.
Wart-Biter Cricket: This cricket can only be found in East Sussex, Dorset, and Wiltshire. However, this species has been re-introduced in Kent. The Lydden Temple Ewell National Nature Reserve is one out of five sites in Britain where this cricket can be found. In Europe, this cricket is more common, but their population has dropped due to agriculture practices in Britain changing.
Bearded False Darkling Beetle: This beetle can only be found in five areas of south-east Britain, mainly in New Forest. This is probably because the bearded false darkling beetles loves deadwood trees and oak trees. Humans are the main reason for this beetle’s endangerment status. Rural development and deforestation have wreaked havoc on the beetle’s habitat.
Natterjack Toad: This endangered amphibian is the only species of toad that lives in Ireland. Although the natterjack toad can live for up to 15 years, environmental issues such as habitat loss and acid rain make affect the conditions of their breeding pools and ponds, making reproduction difficult. Global warming is a huge reason as to why these toads are endangered. Due to the rising sea levels, the habitats of the toads are becoming flooded.
Red Squirrel: Although squirrels seem to be very abundant, the red squirrel population has been declining since the early 20th century. The red squirrel population in Britain is 140,000 compared to the North American grey squirrel, which is 2.5 million. The red squirrel can mainly be found in northern England and Scotland.
Hedgehog: During the last 70 years, the hedgehog population has dropped by 35 million. Global warming is a huge cause as to why hedgehogs are endangered. The warmer winters affect their hibernation patterns. Traffic is also a big hazard to hedgehogs.